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And Secretary of State Antony Blinken’s Twitter jibe that CSTO troops may never depart triggered consternation in both the Russian and Kazakhstani governments. These irritants reflect the complications inherent in Kazakhstan’s relations with the United States and other international locations that make concern for human rights and democracy part of their diplomacy. However, regardless of some short-term heartburn, there is no proof Kazakhstan has rethought its place of encouraging Western funding and engagement. Although Kazakhstan’s president Kassym-Jomart Tokayev has been purging some members of the Nazarbayev clan, we do not know but whether any basic change in the structure of the government will ensue. New alliances might be established, and the old regime can survive the chaos with a new face. Tokayev has largely lost his legitimacy by inviting foreign troops into Kazakhstan. Responding to people’s demands is the one means he can regain his legitimacy.

A Russian-led alliance of two,000 troopers had been deployed in Kazakhstan earlier this month to support the authorities amid the protests. Leila Omarkhanova, 29, graduated from the People’s Friendship University of Russia in Moscow and works as a Lead Expert at the Department of Renewable Sources of Energy on the Ministry of Energy of Kazakhstan. Leila is one of nearly 400 Kazakhstani ladies skilled at varied technical workshops and trainings conducted by USAID’s Power the Future Activity over the past 4 years. To create extra employment alternatives for young ladies, USAID created knowledgeable internship program for 14 female energy engineering students in 2019. The Ministry of Energy assigned many of these students to the departments of renewable vitality, electrical power, and atomic vitality. Seeing these younger girls gaining their first skilled experiences reminded Leila of her career path.

In brief, protesters are demanding the ouster of the political forces that have dominated the nation without any substantial opposition since 1991. The government said on Friday that order had been “mainly restored” after thousands of angry protesters took to the streets of Kazakhstan, creating the most important disaster to shake the autocratic Central Asian nation because it gained independence in 1991. The protests had been set off by anger over surging gasoline costs, but they have intensified as people grow more and more discontent concerning the suffocating authoritarian government. As to why Moscow, as the strongest political and navy voice within the CSTO, agreed to deploy troops to Kazakhstan, when it had not carried out so for Kyrgyzstan within the face of ethnic unrest and a request for help in 2010, the reply is probably going multi-faceted. To the extent the Kremlin feared an identical motion could be building in Kazakhstan, decision-makers there have been absolutely motivated to help nip it in the bud. As the blackout stretched on, the administration made efforts to try to quell discontent.

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Amid the disaster, Tokaev also abruptly made radical adjustments to the country’s nationwide security leadership. On 6 January, he eliminated former President Nazarbaev as chair of the National Security Council and his allies from other key positions. Authorities instructed that conflict among elites could have led some excessive officials to “ally with terrorists”.

The European Union says that sending Russian troops “brings back memories of conditions to be averted” — a reference to the Prague Spring of 1968 and the brutal Soviet suppression of the 1956 Hungarian revolution. After the Handball Association of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea withdrew from the Tokyo Handball Qualification in early 2020, Kazakhstan, as the first alternate, had been called upon to take part in a bid to earn their second-ever Olympic Games berth. The 2021 edition of the IHF Women’s World Championship was the primary appearance for Congo at the elite world competitors since 2009 and simply their sixth time total. Until lately, Mr. Tokayev had sought to promote a considerably softer picture than his predecessor and mentor. But his newest language and actions counsel a strongman desperate to cling to energy in a country that has descended into chaos. It also initially conceded to a couple of the demonstrators’ demands, dismissing the cupboard and announcing the attainable dissolution of Parliament, which might outcome in new elections. But up to now, those moves have largely failed to tame the discontent, setting the stage for Friday’s announcement calling for a harsher response.

  • Authorities in Kazakhstan have blamed the violence on bandits and worldwide “terrorists” who they stated hijacked the protests that noticed the epicentre of unrest transfer from the west to the country’s largest metropolis, Almaty.
  • Similarly, calls for dialogue over protestors’ considerations weren’t nicely obtained.
  • First, with Kazakhstan’s issues rising inside only a few days, the prospect of outside actors getting concerned was limited.
  • The presence of ladies didn’t in the end prevent the usage of violence against protestors in Ukraine and Belarus, though they likely delayed it.
  • Mr Tokayev, who spent years in Geneva and is comfortable within the West, sought Western opinion before delivering his speech on January eleventh, during which he was at pains to show his concern over joblessness, poor residing requirements, inflation and corruption.

The session was specifically dedicated to the economic advantages of gender equality in Central Asia and Afghanistan. As of 2019, the EBRD with companion financial establishments provided 21,281 sub-loans price 28.9 billion tenge (US$76 million) to women-led enterprises in Kazakhstan. The EBRD additionally implements the Women in Microbusiness programme for 350 ladies entrepreneurs from 14 Kazakh areas to enhance their access to environment friendly enterprise instruments and modernize how they do enterprise. Kazakhstan was ranked 30th out of 144 countries in gender equality in a 2016 report performed by nonprofit organization Save the Children. The rating locations Kazakhstan ahead of countries similar to the us and Japan. Kazakhstan ranked 51st out of 144 nations within the World Economic Forum’s 2017 Gender Equality Index.

In December 2009 Kazakhstan adopted the regulation “On the state ensures of equal rights and equal alternatives for women and men”, which stipulates equal access of men and women to civil service. There are 28 girls in Kazakhstan’s 154-seat Parliament, and girls symbolize 25.2 p.c of the lower house of parliament. As of March 2017, the share of ladies within the lower house of parliament was 27%, which is 10% greater than ten years earlier than. The “Concept of state demographic coverage of the Republic of Kazakhstan” was ratified in 2000, which prioritized demographic problems on the same line with national security points.

For instance, Nurseit Niyazbekov, a Kazakh political scientist in Almaty who observed the protests firsthand wonders if there could also be “link the arrest of Massimov and the failure of the security apparatus to suppress the protests during 4-6 January”. He further informed Crisis Group that, “All of the violent riots primarily occurred in the south and all had the same style”, suggesting that “perpetrators used a peaceable gasoline protest as a possibility to create turmoil”. Because of the internet blackout and police crackdowns on impartial journalists, first-person accounts of the protests and the protesters’ motives are troublesome to come back by.

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“Survey reveals Kazakh youth are happy with their country and future”. 44% of the nation’s small and medium-sized companies are now run by girls.

“Violence towards women deprives them their full participation in society and has a negative impression on the institution of the family. The answer to this acute issue is possible solely by way of the joint efforts of government companies and non-governmental organizations,” mentioned Tokayev. The conference’s agenda is consistent with Kazakhstan’s policies on advancing women’s rights. Today, the share of girls in senior positions in the civil service quantities to forty percent, reaches 53 percent in the judicial bodies and 27.2 percent within the activities of public councils, mentioned Balayeva. The lack of investment in women means many alternatives are being missed.

It was not clear whether or not troops from different CSTO nations stay in Kazakhstan. Troops from the Collective Security Treaty Organization , an alliance of six former Soviet states, helped calm the violence within the Central Asian nation and commenced a gradual withdrawal on Thursday. On January 12, he visits battled-scared Almaty and vows to “rebuild the city” on the eve the withdrawal of the phased withdrawal of the 2,000 Russian-led CSO troops. The same day Tokayev raises eyebrows by criticising his predecessor, saying “a layer of rich kazakhstan women folks” had been created beneath Nazarbayev’s rule and “the time has come to pay tribute to the individuals of Kazakhstan and assist them on a systematic and common basis.” In a new effort to pacify the protesters, the government units fuel worth limits for six months. In a televised tackle early on January 6, Tokayev says “terrorists” are seizing buildings, infrastructure and small arms, and battling safety forces.